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A Portait of the Writer with Mia Funk: a Preview


A Portrait banner

Earlier today, we featured an interview with Dr. Malcolm E. O’Hagan, President of the American Writers Museum. In anticipation of the 2016 launch of that institution, artist Mia Funk has been tasked with creating a group portrait of great American writers. Starting next week on The Open Bar, Mia will share her sketches and inspirations with us in a new column, Portrait of the Writer.

The series will start February 10th with Mia’s portrait of and interview with Joyce Carol Oates. We talked with Mia via email about the process of creating portraits of these literary giants.


Tin House: How did the Portrait of the Writer idea come about?

Mia Funk: Since last year I’ve been talking with Dr. Malcolm O’Hagan about doing the group portraits for the American Writers Museum. I have just sent in an application for a Guggenheim Fellowship, which will help determine the scale and the number of writers we may include in the eventual portraits.

In the meantime, I wanted to do something which felt more personal. It goes back to things Malcolm was saying about foregrounding and selecting writers from such a vast pool. It’s difficult to narrow the list and I thought sharing my sketchbooks with readers of Tin House would be a way to feature individual writers and explore themes in their work before approaching the final painting.

I still wasn’t sure what to call this series of sketches. I’d thought about Do You See What I’m Hearing? in reference to James Joyce’s Ulysses. Finally, I decided on Portrait of the Writer.


TH: In a lot of the sketches, you seem to be working from quotes. Is there something about the specificity of language that gets you closer to these writers than you can via biographical details?

MF: Specificity is a good word because an artwork is not dissimilar to a poem or story or other short forms. I began to think about metaphors themselves, how they’re used to tap into our collective unconscious and also awaken our capacity to remember, create and dream. How sometimes language weighs more on our lives than the real world.

It’s not possible to cram in all the biographical details so you have to make choices. I try to give a short understanding of something essential and for that I look to a writer’s own words. I feel that gets you closer. Opens a door on their perception. You don’t need to draw the four corners to feel you have been in a room.

While there’s lots of interesting quotes, they don’t all spark imagery. So I spend a long time searching for a line which captures something essential about a writer’s life and work. I’m looking for quotes which evoke an image, but also set up a curiosity and mystery and leads you back to their writing.

TH: It’s easy to forget that metaphor is such a basic building block for us. In the way we talk, write, and even see, we often start out with an image, and then through metaphor, we start to describe it and define it. Do you feel like painting these portraits is the opposite of that, or just another step in the same direction?

MF: Language. Image. Music . . . it’s all a kind of storytelling. For me the different art forms don’t oppose each other, but run on parallel tracks. I feel originality happens in the synesthetic moments when different senses converge.

I thought there was potential to find added beauty in certain things a writer said by translating it back into image. When Joyce Carol Oates said she sometimes feels as transparent as a glass of water. I thought, what a lovely image. I will paint her as a glass of water. For me there is a real satisfaction in attempting to turn a metaphor into something more concrete.

We all speak imagistically, only sometimes we are so bombarded by images and language that we forget. We become blinded by sensory overload. I think that’s the point of all art: to take something we are all familiar with and make us look, hear, feel it again as though for the first time.

TH: Why did you decide to make these portraits of the writers, rather than, say, illustrations of the quotes you’ve chosen or their bodies of work?

MF: All faces tell stories, but the faces of writers who spend long periods alone and looking inwards, are particularly interesting and challenging to paint. And that’s what the American Writers Museum were interested in. I will be trying to put echoes of their work within the group portraits. Along the bottom of this watercolor of Maya Angelou you can see flying debris from a dark hurricane which funnels up into a storm of blue butterflies. Just the memory of a cage. I hope this captures something of the spirit of resilience readers find in her writing; out of all the pain and experiences comes something of beauty.

One of the challenges of capturing a writer’s personality is, of course, that they don’t have just one. Also, many writers aren’t terribly interested in what they wear. It’s not about the outward appearance but making a continual journey inwards. Traditional portraiture involves external symbolism, jewellery and other accessories which point towards the subject’s standing in life, and clothing allows artists an opportunity to show off their skills in reproducing details, but to focus on the external somehow seemed wrong when portraying writers, who aren’t just the faces they represent to the world, but a collection of all the characters they’ve realized and all the stories they’ve told.

Joyce Carol Oates said it more succinctly in her interview, “We all inhabit interior landscapes and these are mediated to us through language.”

Kierkegaard via Milch

TH: You recently mentioned to me a Kierkegaard quote you’d discovered via the American writer David Milch: “The self rests transparently in the spirit that gave it rise.” In a lot of your work, both for The American Writers Museum and otherwise, there’s a very affecting sense of transparency, layers of underpainting that leave the feeling of hazy memory or a partially obscured timeline. Is there a relationship there to narrative, to the obscuring and excavating work writers do?

MF: Yes, well, I’m very interested in those themes that occupy writers: childhood, memory, looking back and the search for lost time. I like to think of my paintings as stories that aren’t quite complete but complete in the mind of the viewer. The quality of the best stories is that they do not leave everything resolved, but suggest a scene which is about to take place but we never see.

TH: So how big will this group portrait be? The hardest part must just be narrowing down the writers who will appear.

MF: That is one of the things still being decided. One idea is that it may need to be a triptych. Of course, it is not possible to contain the richness of American literary history in a single painting. For that, you really need to go back to the individual books, but what I hope to do is hint at its immensity. If a painting could be part of young reader’s first introduction to Faulkner or Hemingway, James Baldwin or Flannery O’Connor or Mark Twain, pointing them to read their works, that would be wonderful.

I am delighted to be doing these paintings for the American Writers Museum and to be involved in such an educational endeavor. And I’m really excited to be doing this series of interviews and artworks for Tin House which allows me to approach portraiture in a new way.


Mia Funk is an artist and writer who teaches at the École de Dessin Technique et Artistique, Paris. Her work has received many awards & nominations, including a Prix de Peinture (Salon d’Automne de Paris), Thames & Hudson Pictureworks Prize, Sky Arts Portrait Artist of the Year, KWS Hilary Mantel Short Story Prize, Doris Gooderson Prize, Momaya Prize & Celeste Prize. Her paintings have been shown at the Grand Palais and are held in several public collections, including the Dublin Writers Museum. She is currently completing a novel and a collection of linked short stories. Catch her on Twitter: @miafunk.

Posted in Interviews

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A Museum of One’s Own: The American Writers Museum


It may come as a surprise to you—it certainly did to us—but there is as yet no museum dedicated to writers in the United States. If all goes according to the plan of the board of The American Writers Museum, that will change by late 2016. In advance of the AWM opening in Chicago, artist Mia Funk has been tasked to create a group portrait of great American writers. In a new feature on The Open Bar, Mia will showcase her sketches of American writers young and old. Our interview with Mia about that process will appear later today.

In the meantime, Mia spoke with the President of the American Writers Museum, Malcolm O’Hagan, about the inspiration for the museum.


Mia Funk: Where did the idea for the American Writers Museum come from? How did your journey begin?

Dr. Malcolm E. O’Hagan: After visiting the Dublin Writers Museum I sought out the American counterpart and was surprised to learn that there is no national institution that celebrates the lives of the great American writers. The journey began after I discussed the concept of an American Writers Museum with a number of influential people in the literary community and received enthusiastic and unanimous encouragement to pursue the idea.

MF: How long has it been in the planning?

MO: The American Writers Museum Foundation was incorporated in 2010. Planning in earnest began late in 2010.

MF: Why an American Writers Museum? What do you feel makes this project so vitally important?

MO: Writers have a profound impact on our thinking. They influence our history, our culture, our daily lives. They reveal to us who we are. They educate and entertain us. Their works are the keystone of our cultural heritage. It is vitally important for young people to understand the role writers play in society. It is particularly so at a time when reading and writing are being so impacted by technology. I would love to see a day when people have the same reverence for great writers as they do for sports heroes and film stars.

Pages from AWM-Design-Plan

MF: I noticed you titled the layout for the museum your First Edition Concept Plan. That’s interesting. It suggests that creating and laying out the different exhibitions resembles the process of planning a novel. So, how many different drafts did you go through?

MO: We are on our third draft of the Museum Concept. The First Draft envisions the ultimate museum as a large institution comparable to an art museum housed in an iconic building. The Second Draft, and the Third one that we are currently working on, focus on the first phase of the museum which will be housed in a building in Downtown Chicago. This is what we refer to as the “First Edition”. At the outset we received prudent advice to develop the museum in stages, as has been typical for many cultural institutions.

MF: Have there been many difficult decisions in terms of choosing one writer’s works over another?

MO: Choices are always difficult. The authors featured in the concept plans are strictly illustrative. We now have several curatorial teams at work deciding which authors and works to feature in the various galleries in the First Edition. A key feature of the American Writers Museum will be its ability to feature many authors and works through changing exhibits. The museum will be theme based, and the exhibits will be designed in a way that will allow us to show how different authors addressed these themes over time.

MF: But what’s wonderful about the museum is that it will be a never-ending story that evolves over time. I like the whole interactive principal and the central museum tables which will allow visitors to ask questions and post quotes. I think it really reflects the way we read today. It’s not a passive experience.

MO: I am glad that we are developing the museum now and not 30 years ago. The whole concept of what a museum should offer to visitors has changed, and the technology is now available to engage visitors in totally new interactive ways. The ability to “do” something as opposed to just “looking” greatly enriches the visitor experience. And the new technology makes it easy to change content, to pose new questions, to feature different works, to tell different stories.

MF: Anyone I’ve mentioned the museum to has said what a wonderful idea it is and are sort of puzzled why a museum like this doesn’t already exist. It does seem absurd that America has so many museums devoted to fine art–an activity which really doesn’t touch a lot of people’s lives–but in a country composed of so many immigrants and children of immigrants, where stories have played such a part in remembering our pasts and unifying us, that it has taken us so long to honor our writers collectively.

MO: I was amazed too when I found that we do not have a museum dedicated to American Literature. But happily that is about to change. We have so many wonderful stories to tell. We are a species of story tellers.

MF: I can only imagine to get the ball rolling on this project––with your background in manufacturing and engineering*––you must have realised what a massive undertaking it was. What kind of surprises have you met along the way?

MO: When I embarked upon this mission I made a ten year commitment. Nothing worth doing is easy if you want to do it right. I am experienced enough to know that things generally take much longer than we would like, and that the task is more difficult than anticipated.

MF: Can you tell us a little about the key permanent exhibits?

MO: The structure and themes of the museum will be fixed, but much of the content will change in order to allow us to feature a wide range of authors and writings. The Main Hall will serve as a “Hall of Fame”. As you would expect, it will feature the canonical and award winning writers. Shaping America will feature the writings that have molded our history and culture and continue to do so. Creating an American Literature will feature writers who broke with European literary traditions to create an “American” voice. We Will Be Heard will feature minority and immigrant writers who had to fight to get their story heard. Of course there will be areas where the different themes converge and build on each other. The other galleries are self evident. I would like to emphasize the American Writers Museum will be “Story Telling” institution where artifacts will play a much smaller role than in a traditional museum.


MF: Presently, what are the museum’s current goals? For example, do you have a dream exhibit?

MO: The whole museum is a dream.

MF: In terms of upcoming acquisitions, which archives or manuscripts is the museum seeking to acquire?

MO: At the outset we set a policy that the AWM will not duplicate what others are already doing effectively. Nor do we want to compete unnecessarily with other literary institutions. Consequently we do not envision the AWM as a research institution, as an archival institution, as a collections based institution or as an award making institution since all of these functions are already being performed admirably by others. The AWM will be the “Presentation” arm of the literary community.

MF: Can you describe some of the programs/exhibitions you’ll have for young people?

MO: One of the galleries is the Children’s Room which will be fun and engaging. While the AWM will sponsor extensive programming, the details have not yet been developed. We have a small exhibit featuring four Chicago authors – Brooks, Hansberry, Terkel and Wright – traveling to many neighborhoods throughout Chicago.

MF: I see your Power of the Word online exhibition has reached out to readers, political leaders and writers asking them about their favorite books.

It’s particularly interesting the question you asked authors: “Which works by American writers should world leaders read to help them gain a better understanding of America?” Which works would you yourself recommend? And which works received the most recommendations?

MO: One book I would recommend to foreign leaders (and to everyone for that matter) is Lincoln at Gettysburg – The Words That Remade America by Garry Wills. This book tells us what America is all about.

MF: It’s interesting that a part of the museum will be devoted to political writing.

MO: We are a nation founded on political documents.

MF: You were born in Sligo, “Yeats Country”. And Ireland is also well known as a country of great writers. Was reading/storytelling a big part of your life growing up?

MO: Unfortunately I did not get to engage with literature until I went to college, and then to a very limited extent as I was an engineering student.

MF: Which books would you say most affected your thinking about the world?

MO: My thinking constantly evolves as I read new books. Isn’t that an important function of books!

MF: What do you feel books can do that no other medium can?

MO: For me books are a medium that allows me to concentrate and contemplate. I value the content and not the container, and I find a book to be a very friendly container.

MF: As consciousness evolves through our increasing dependence on devices, it seems now more than ever that novels, poetry, playwriting can provide a transcendent experience as counterpoint to all our daily distractions.

MO: I believe this to be true as it has been in the past.

MF: With more people being involved with video and blogging, there seems to be a rise in direct, less stylized forms of storytelling. Will there be exhibits in the museum devoted to oral storytelling? Screenwriting? Will the museum have exhibits addressing 21st century developments in narrative?

MO: Absolutely on all accounts. The museum has to be relevant and must stay so. I am happy to see the resurgence in oral story telling through recorded books which I listen to all the time. As a young lad I was enchanted by stories and plays on the radio. I would much prefer to hear a poet recite than to read the poem to myself. The AWM docents will be called “Story Tellers”.

MF: So what you’ve created seems to be much more than a museum. It’s actually a space geared to engage visitors’ creativity and imaginations.

For a long time people, including prominent writers like Philip Roth, have been predicting the end of the novel. What are your thoughts on that?

MO: How many times have we heard predictions of the end of the world!


Dr. Malcolm E. O’Hagan is retired from the National Electrical Manufacturers Association where he served as President and CEO from 1991 to 2006. He served on the Board of the National Association of Manufacturers and was Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Council of Manufacturing Associations. He is a past President of the Washington Industrial Roundtable. Malcolm served in the Carter and Reagan administrations as Executive Director of the U.S. Metric Board. Earlier in his career he held management positions at Bendix Corporation and the position of Senior Scientific Officer at the Institute for Industrial Research and Standards in Ireland. Malcolm was born in Ireland and raised in “Yeats Country” in County Sligo. He holds a B.S. and M.S. in Mechanical Engineering from The National University of Ireland. He obtained his D.Sc. from The George Washington University in Washington D.C. which honored him with its Distinguished Alumni Award.

Mia Funk is an artist and writer who teaches at the École de Dessin Technique et Artistique, Paris. Her work has received many awards & nominations, including a Prix de Peinture (Salon d’Automne de Paris), Thames & Hudson Pictureworks Prize, Sky Arts Portrait Artist of the Year, KWS Hilary Mantel Short Story Prize, Doris Gooderson Prize, Momaya Prize & Celeste Prize. Her paintings have been shown at the Grand Palais and are held in several public collections, including the Dublin Writers Museum. She is currently completing a novel and a collection of linked short stories. Catch her on Twitter: @miafunk.


Posted in Interviews

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Message in a Bottle / a Religious Alternative


When I was six, I developed a spiritual disorder. I started believing that someday, I would find a message in a bottle. Over the years, the condition mutated from the gnostic persuasion of a 6-year-old into a belief system more commonly found in those who have seen Jesus in their toast.

The conviction broke out on the one warm holiday our family ever took, in a beach town called Le Lavandou, in the South of France. It was 1987: the summer of palm trees. There were palm trees on my new short-sleeve Mickey Mouse button-up shirt, and there was a palm tree on my head with a trunk made of scrunchies. The palm trees that cordoned off the beach parking lot were boxed in gleaming white planters.

That week, I stepped on my first ever yellow jacket and ordered a different shade of sorbet each day. I posed next to a bronze statue and thought maybe we were rich. The beaches were crowded, topless, and full of smokers, and perhaps for those reasons, we spent future summers up North, catching colds in the Atlantic and using WWII bunkers as windbreaks.

The gift shops in Le Lavandou sold green plastic flasks with screw caps and a rolled-up wish-you-were-here note inside. They were pre-stamped and designed to fit through a mail slot. Out loud, I voted them repellent, but secretly, I wanted one.

At the end of the week, I conceded defeat to bad taste, and asked my parents for ten francs to buy a souvenir message-in-a-bottle. I remember my dad saying, “Just wait until you find a real one,” but I can’t be sure I didn’t make that up.

It would be just like my heathen father to force another faith on me. I attended a Catholic school because it was a convenient drop-off next to his office.

It took all of six years for me to find a message in a bottle. Six years, in which I combed every beach from Plozévet to Douarnenez, and spelunked inside sinking blockhouses, even as my faith enfeebled.

On the afternoon I found the bottle, I was patrolling the mile-long beach with a small army of much younger, influenceable relatives, all of whom I had educated in my mission. (I sometimes think of what would have happened if one of them had found the bottle. I fear it could have ruined life for me).

The beach had a name but we called it our beach. It was one of those hostile northwestern French beaches with sticky sand and jutting rocks that slice open your feet. There were tar stains on the pink sea lichen from a 1979 oil spill, and the tide sent dead medusas towards our towels like a coin pusher.

The receding tide exposed a fraying barnacled rope. At the end, said my dad, was the Flying Dutchman and a crew of zombie-sailors, perhaps fossilized. We’d found syringes on the soft pebbles before, and the seaglass there was never quite blunt enough to be safe.

The bottle had washed up on the stones, and was stopped with a cork. It had a seaweed skirt and George Washington’s face was peering through the green glass. I had seen the air and sun disintegrate ancient frescoes in Fellini’s Roma, so I took the miracle home, for a more controlled autopsy.

From what I can tell, no one has taken a serious crack at estimating the odds of what happened to me. Equally unquantifiable are religious apparitions and other miracles. The closest thing I found to a statistic hinged on fiction, in a website that compared happening upon a message in a bottle to finding a golden ticket inside a chocolate bar. By this measure of faith, the equations place the odds at 1 in 7.32 million.

The particulars are less than reliable, but one thing that was precise was the latitude and longitude scribbled on the note, which placed the point of the toss a few hundred miles off the coast of Florida.

Look at Florida on a map. Now find the Pointe-du-Raz, France’s westernmost tip. (You won’t see it on the map, but there is a windswept virgin there, dangling the son of God over a cliff.) Trace with your finger a line from one to the other, and add in whales, ocean storms, the abyssal plain, and assorted monsters of the pelagic zone. Hell —look at the last thirty feet of the journey, with its granite obstacle course and deadly current, and tell me your existential compass comes out unscathed.

In the end, the biggest coincidence of my life was also the most deliberate. It compromised years of Catholic education, shifting my personal accountability to chance, rather than to God. The bottle turned every accident thereafter into prophecy, every nightmare into augury, every whim into prognostication. For some reason, it also gave me an uncontrollable fear of deep water.

There was a Florida address on the note, and a message. “In our country, we elect idiots to high office. What do you do?” I wrote to the address, and soon got a reply from a retired couple. They told me they had thrown the bottle out at sea during a pleasure cruise on the Atlantic. They told me they liked to go on cruises, and holiday in warm places.

I get really nervous around wishbones. I crack open fortune cookies like my life depends on it. I avoid looking at my tea leaves and wish carefully when I blow out birthday candles.

I am trapped in a one-person cult of fortuity, with a god I found on the beach. It is a faith without ethics, and with no sustainability. There is no conversion, no communion —only a drunken, sea-fearing trust in practical miracles with no practical application.


Sarah Françoise is a translator/writer who lives in New York and sometimes in Maine. Her writing has recently appeared in The Brooklyn Rail, Vol. 1 Brooklyn, and Hobart. She recently wrote the screenplay for Vacationland, which won the Grand Jury Prize at the Boonies International Film Festival, and a children’s play called The Line.

The Open Bar is currently accepting submissions for Flash Fridays and Flash Fidelity. Submissions to The Open Bar should be sent via email to theopenbar@tinhouse.com with the name of the category (e.g. Flash Fridays, Flash Fidelity, etc.) in the subject line.

Posted in Essays, Flash Fidelity

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Literary Insults!

Literaryinsults copy



Rowan Hisayo Buchanan‘s work has appeared on NPR’s Selected Shorts, and in TriQuarterlyPublic Books, and No Tokens Journal. She owns only one pair of sunglasses, and they are snapped.


Posted in General

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Lost & Found: Nick Obourn on Jack Black

BG-From-the-Vault-dc1From our Hope/Dread issue, a look at the autobiography of a career hobo who lied, cheated, and stole his way across America.


For one year, I was the only employee of a small, quiet shop in Portland, Oregon, that specialized in rare and academic books. The job had many perks: a world of esoteric information within arm’s reach, conversation with a slew of erudite and quirky book lovers, and long moments—lots of them—to sit and ponder the greater mysteries of the universe.

The customers were the most enjoyable part of the job. They were devotees of the book as treasured object, a dwindling breed for whom the bookstore was a welcoming refuge from a harried and digitally dominated world. And I, stationed behind the front desk, was their audience of one, which meant I was subject to frequent and fervent book recommendations alongside the occasional dramatic reading. (I particularly remember frighteningly relevant passages from The Prince—the Bush administration was still in power, and Machiavelli really riled them up.)


However, in their love of books, and especially their love of recommending them, the customers were not alone. The owner of the bookstore—a man of his own particularities who had spent decades navigating the byways of the antiquarian book business—worshipped books, and he recommended at least one a day to me. It was in this way I discovered You Can’t Win, the autobiography of a man named Jack Black, a self-proclaimed career hobo, who rail hopped, smoked opium, lied, cheated, and stole his way across the untamed landscape of late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century western America.

The book intrigued me immediately. William Burroughs, whose Junkie was greatly influenced by You Can’t Win, contributed the foreword. The back cover and opening page feature quotes from the eclectic line-up of Edward Weston, Carl Sandburg, and Clarence Darrow, an unlikely trinity to lend their names to the work of a professional hobo and criminal. But they saw what becomes clear while reading You Can’t Win: Jack Black was no ordinary petty thief, no common vagabond. Black was the underground traveling criminal in the early twentieth century, a man whose life oscillated between cushy periods flush with cash from a recent heist to moments of broken despair recovering from opium addiction or gruesome prison floggings. He was also an intelligent man and a literary soul who encountered America at a time of great opportunistic shift, and, luckily for the reader, he had the talent and perception to translate that experience into a frank and rewarding autobiography.

Continue reading

Posted in Essays, From The Vault

Comments: 1

Sleepy Mom

Flash Fridays

My mom has narcolepsy so she bought a student driver car with a steering wheel in the passenger side seat.  Whenever she drives anywhere, I ride shotgun.  If she falls asleep while she’s driving I’m supposed to elbow her awake.  Sometimes I do and sometimes I don’t.  Sometimes when she nods off instead of hitting the brakes I press down on my gas pedal and drive over to the strip mall where my ex-girlfriend Sadie works.

Sadie just got her license, but I’ve got six months to go.  Sadie works at Elaine’s Boutique, a crappy jewelry store that sells shitty silver pendants and fake gold chains.  No one goes to Elaine’s so most days Sadie’s new boyfriend, Eric, stops by to keep her company.  Sometimes Sadie and Eric do their geometry homework, but mostly they snort Sadie’s Ritalin and kiss long and hard like their tongues are the geometry problem.

“Quit going there,” my friend Jason tells me. “Remove yourself from the equation.”

I adjust the focus on my binoculars, watch Eric snake his hand up Sadie’s shirt.  My mom gently snores in the seat beside me, drool welling in the corner of her mouth.

“But that used to be me,” I tell Jason.
My dad used to drive us everywhere, but he bolted three months ago.  He sends us a letter every few weeks.  His last letter said he was working on a fishing boat in Alaska.  The postmark on the last letter was stamped “Cleveland”, so we don’t know what to believe.

“Cleveland or Alaska,” my mom says.  “The only thing that matters is he’s gone.”
This morning my mom and I drive to the grocery store.  She makes it three blocks before her eyes slide shut.  I drive the rest of the way.  As I angle the car into a parking spot, Jason calls.

“Party at Clare Lowalke’s tonight,” he says.  “Can you get the car?”

I look over at my mom, fast asleep, her face mashed against the driver’s side window, her mouth wide open.

“No problem,” I tell Jason.

I ask my mom if she wants to go to the Valley-Hi.  It’s a shithole drive-in outside town that’s somehow hanging on.
“Wow,” my mom says, “that would be lovely.”

My mom takes a bath before we go. I stand outside the bathroom door listening to her sing.  If she stops singing it means she’s drowning.  If she stops singing, I need to rush in and pull her out of the tub.  She’s only stopped singing in the bathtub once.  I ran in and pulled her out of the tub right before her face slid under the water.

“We should do this kind of thing more often,” she yells to me through the bathroom door.
“Absolutely we should,” I say.


On the way to the movie, my mom zonks out.  I drive over to Jason’s and pick him up.

“This is insane,” he says. “What if she wakes up?”

“She won’t,” I tell him.

We wander into Clare Lowalke’s backyard; buy cups for the keg.  Everyone here is older than us, juniors and seniors, but they all know who I am.

“You’re the kid with the sleepy mom, right?” one guy asks. “Does she smoke a lot of weed?  Is that why she can’t stay awake?”

I know Sadie’s around here somewhere.  I ditch Jason and wander around the party.  I find her in one of the back bedrooms, passed out in Eric’s arms.  I brought another note explaining how special we were together and how special we could be again.  When I set the note down next to her on the bed, her eyes snap open.

“What in the fuck?” she says.

“I thought maybe we could talk things over,” I say. “I miss you.”

“Maybe you’ll understand this,” Sadie says, curling up in Eric’s arms and closing her eyes.
After I drop Jason off, I poke my mom awake.
“You slept through the movie,” I say.
“Why didn’t you wake me up?” she asks.

“You looked so peaceful,” I tell her. “You look like you needed the sleep.”
I want to say something about Sadie, about how I’m going crazy over this breakup, but I don’t.  I keep my mouth shut, my hands at ten and two.
“How was the movie?” she asks.

“Really sad,” I tell her.
The next day my mom and I take the car to get the oil changed.  She falls asleep and I drive over to the strip mall one last time.  While I’m sitting in the parking lot watching Sadie a young mother brings in her baby into Elaine’s Boutique to get her ears pierced.  The kid’s maybe a year old.  I watch through my binoculars as Sadie props the baby up in the piercing chair.  The baby’s face is so damn happy, smiling and giggling, but then the piercing gun rifles through her ear and the baby’s face is transformed into an angry red ball.

Sadie’s a pro.  While the baby screeches, she holds out a mirror in front of the baby’s face.  She whispers, shh, shh, look, look, little one, look how pretty.  Soon the baby stops, sees the jewels in her ears, and smiles and the tears slide away.  I find a sad song on the radio and put the car in drive.  I scream out the lyrics as I speed off.  My mom doesn’t stir at all.


John Jodzio is a winner of the Loft-McKnight Fellowship and the author of the short story collections, Get In If You Want To Live (Paper Darts Press) and If You Lived Here You’d Already Be Home (Replacement Press).  His work has been featured in a variety of places including This American Life, McSweeney’s, and One Story. He lives in Minneapolis.

Posted in Fiction, Flash Fridays

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The Melting Process


It’s time for another round of Broadside Thirty, our showcase for poems in thirty lines or less by poets thirty or younger. Today, we present a new poem by Molly Dickinson.


The Melting Process

The scarabs are molting tonight. I am told it’s melting, but no,
I only see the molting shells like chicken feathers fallen away
at the end of the season. A new shell for a new weather. A new
shell for a new temperature. From now it’ll be cold, and these
bugs require reinforcement, these bugs require not to
hibernate, these bugs in fact say no, no long sleep, no long
hideaway. These bugs knocked on my door and asked for
blankets. These bugs knocked on my door and asked for socks.
These bugs will come to you, and you. When you open the
door you’ll feel my sorrow. Make them warm, please. These
are my sorrow bugs, these are my mournings.


 Molly Dickinson grew up in Northern California and earned her B.A. in English at Lewis & Clark College in Portland, Oregon. She continues to live and work in Portland, where she is the Director of the Writing Center at a local public high school. 

Submissions to Broadside Thirty (poets under thirty years old may submit up to three poems, each under thirty lines) or any other categories on The Open Bar may be sent to theopenbar@tinhouse.com with the category name in the subject line.

Posted in Broadside Thirty, Poetry

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Revisiting The Other Side


In light of the announcement that Lacy M. Johnson’s The Other Side was selected as a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award, we decided to revisit an interview we conducted with her last year.

You can read an excerpt from her memoir here.


Tin House: The Suspect is still at large. How did this influence the writing of your memoir?

Lacy M. Johnson: I think the fact that he’s at large precipitated my choice not to use his name or anyone else’s name, though I might have made that choice even if he were in prison. The fact is, this isn’t just a memoir; it’s about my real actual life. And in my real actual life, there is a real actual person living abroad who might harm me or my family if he had the chance. I don’t use his actual name in real life. I don’t say it, and I don’t really like for other people to say it either. To protect the people I love, I tried to keep other people who appear in the memoir as anonymous as possible, while also writing in an accurate way about the relationship I have with those anonymous people.

At the same time, his at-largeness also affected the arc of the book. I think when most people think about a satisfying conclusion to a story like this, they might imagine him being brought to trial and convicted and sent to prison for decades. That isn’t possible in this case, since he’s a Venezuelan citizen and is protected from extradition by the Venezuelan government. He’ll never go to jail for this. He’ll never have to appear in court. He’ll never even be arrested. So that forced me to reimagine this notion of justice, and what it might look like in a story like mine.

TH: There are times you are willing to portray yourself in a less than flattering light and it doesn’t ever feel like you are courting the sympathy of your readers. Was this a conscious choice?

bk-the-other-side-pgLMJ: I made a very conscious effort to portray events as I remember them: not as I wish they had been, or as they would be if life were made neat and tidy for the purposes of telling a story. Which meant I had to be honest, brutally honest, about who I am and the choices I made. I made some really bad choices, not least of which was the decision to begin a relationship with a man who was my Spanish teacher at the university, and who was twice my age. If I were interested in courting a reader’s sympathy, I could have made the case that he was a predator and I was his victim. It would have been an easy case to make. But the fact is, I had a lot of agency in the matter, and the very worst choice I ever made was to give it all away.

TH: The appendix is unexpectedly moving, as it shows the amount of research and reading you did on trauma before writing this book. Can you talk about how you started reading about trauma, and how that affected your approach to what happened, and how you wrote about it?

LMJ: It’s interesting that you say that, since the appendix as it appears in the book represents only a small fraction of the research I’ve conducted on this subject matter. The research itself began more than a decade ago when I was in graduate school and started teaching a poetry workshop in a shelter for women recovering from substance abuse. My faculty supervisor at the time directed me toward several volumes on recovery writing in an effort to prepare me to respond to the women’s writing in an effective and compassionate way, and this was actually a very instructive place to begin. For one thing, I discovered that I really, strongly objected to all of the rhetoric about how writing about trauma could, in effect, make a person “whole” again. It took years to articulate why this sentiment bothered me, but eventually I realized that it reinforces what I consider to be a flawed notion that after some kind of trauma (be it sexual violence or the death of a family member), that a person is somehow “broken.” After a trauma, a person may feel that some part of them has been shattered—that metaphor certainly describes the emotional state of a traumatized person—but the fact is, every person is already a whole person, has always been a whole person. Even if the trauma has profound psychological effects, a traumatized person is also always a whole person. The thought patterns change, as do behaviors and associations. And perhaps most difficult of all, what changes is the story that person tells about him- or herself, to him- or herself. Of course I didn’t know all of this, or couldn’t articulate all of this when I began the research, but over the years, my research has extended into medical journals and history books, Greek mythology and neuroscience, quantum physics and literature, and I think I can say now, with some degree of certainty, that the story I told myself about myself was what made me feel afraid for so many years. When I set out to write this book, it wasn’t to “fix” myself, or to make myself “whole” again, but to change that story I told myself about who I am, who I was, and who I still could be.

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Posted in Interviews, Tin House Books

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The Tin House Nooner: Dinaw Mengestu


Dinaw-MengestuOn today’s Nooner, Dinaw Mengestu reads from his novel All Our Names.

Named as one of the New York Times’ 100 Notable Books of 2014, the novel looks at the relationship between a Midwestern social worker and an Ethiopian exile trying to reconcile with the forces that brought him to America.

You can follow all of our podcasts via iTunes.


Dinaw Mengestu is the award-winning author of two novels, The Beautiful Things That Heaven Bears (2007) and How to Read the Air (2010). He is a graduate of Georgetown University and of Columbia University’s M.F.A. program in fiction and the recipient of a 5 Under 35 award from the National Book Foundation and a 20 Under 40 award from The New Yorker. He is a recipient of a 2012 MacArthur Foundation genius grant and currently lives in New York City. His latest novel, All Our Names, was published in last year.

Posted in Podcasts, Writer's Workshop

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Cheers to Lacy M. Johnson


We were thrilled with yesterday’s announcement that Lacy M. Johnson’s The Other Side was selected as a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award. To celebrate the news, we thought it fitting to rerun an excerpt from her memoir that first appeared in our Memory issue. Check back tomorrow for an interview with Lacy.


Tell me everything, he says. Start at the beginning. He does not mean the playground at the preschool with the rainbow bridge. Or the kitten tongue like sandpaper on my cheek. Or the potpourri simmering in the tiny Crock-Pot on the counter next to the jar of pennies in the kitchen. Though any of these could have been a beginning to the story I tell him. I want to see it, his little notepad, but he leaves the room to make some calls. No, I can’t call my family. No, not any of my friends. Nothing to do but to look at my feet, which are suddenly very, very absurd. Someone should cover them with shoes and socks.

He returns to lead me down a dark hallway, where every office is a room with a closed door, through a kitchen, where coffee brews and burns, out a heavy steel door to a parking lot, an unmarked car. A detective’s car. He gestures, as if to say, After you.


While waiting in the unmarked car on an unlit street in the dark shadow of an oak tree I realize that real cops are not at all like movie cops. Real cops are slow and fat. Their bellies, in various states of roundness, hang over their waistbands, cinched tight with braided leather belts. They do not converge on buildings with sirens blaring. They do not flash their lights or stand behind the open doors of their squad cars and aim their guns at criminals. These cops, my cops, do not wear uniforms. From the car, where I am sitting alone in the shadow of an oak tree, they look like fat men who have happened to meet on the street, who are walking together around the side of the fourplex toward the gravel parking lot, where they will find a discarded car tarp, a screen door flapping, all the lights but one turned off.

Just inside the door, they will find a dog collar, construction supplies, and a soundproofed room. I have told them what to expect. Meanwhile, waiting alone in the car under the dark shadow of an oak tree I start seeing things: no shadow is just a shadow of an oak tree. I press the heels of my palms hard into my eye sockets, sink lower into the seat. My thoughts grow smaller and race in circles. The adrenaline shakes become convulsions, become seizures, become shock. When The Detective returns, he finds me knotted into thirds on the floorboard: hardly like a woman at all.


At the hospital, The Detective leads me through a set of automatic sliding glass doors, not the main ones that lead to the emergency room, but another set, down the way a bit, special, for people like me. He leads me down a fluorescent-lit hallway, directly to an exam room where the overhead lights are turned off. A female officer meets me there, and a social worker who looks like she might be somebody’s grandmother. The Female Officer and The Social Worker team up with a nurse; The Detective disappears without a word. The Female Officer, The Social Worker, and The Nurse ask me to take off my clothes. They unscrew the U-bolt from my wrist. The Female Officer puts these things into a Ziploc bag named EVIDENCE.

Nice to meet you, Evidence.

The Female Officer takes pictures of my wrists and ankles. She speaks in two-syllable sentences: Oh, dear. Rape kit.

The Social Worker wants to hold my hand. No thank you, ma’am. She is, after all, not my grandmother. Her skin is loose and clammy. She asks what kind of poetry I write as The Nurse rips out fingerfuls of my pubic hair, spreads my legs, and digs inside me with a long, stiff Q-tip. Another Q-tip in my mouth for saliva. She scrapes under my fingernails with a wooden skewer and puts the scum in a plastic vial.

The Social Worker invites me to stay at her house. Or it is not her house, exactly, but a half-house for half-women like me. After the exam, The Social Worker gives me a green sweat suit in a brown paper bag. I’m supposed to dress in the bathroom. The clothes are entirely too large: a too-large hunter-green sweatshirt, a pair of too-large hunter-green sweatpants, a pair of too-large beige underwear. Like my mother wears.

The Female Officer doesn’t acknowledge that I look ridiculous when I emerge from the bathroom. She doesn’t acknowledge me at all. I know to follow her out the door, to the parking lot, her squad car. I know to hang my head; it’s the price for a ticket to the station.


The phone call wakes my parents out of bed. Mom answers; her voice is thick, confused. She says nothing for a long time. In the background, Dad gets dressed. Yesterday’s change jingles in his pockets. His voice buckles: Say we’re on the way.


The Detective follows me to my new apartment in the unmarked car. He offers to come inside, to stand guard at the door, but I don’t want him to see that I have no furniture, no food in the fridge, nothing in the pantry, or the linen closet, or on the walls. I ask him to wait outside. I call my boss at the literary magazine where I am an intern and leave a message on the office voice mail: Hi there. I was kidnapped and raped last night. I won’t be coming in today. I call My Good Friend’s cell phone. I call My Older Sister’s cell phone.

While I’m in the shower, the apartment phone rings and callers leave messages on the machine: My Good Friend will stay with her boyfriend; she’s delaying her move-in date. Of course she hates to do this, but she’s just too scared to live here, with me, right now. You should find somewhere to go, she says. My Handsome Friend’s message says he heard the news from My Good Friend. He’s leaving town and doesn’t think it’s safe to tell me where to find him. The message My Older Sister leaves says she wants me to come stay at her place, which sounds better than sleeping alone in this apartment on the floor.

I pull back the curtains and see my parents standing in the parking lot talking to The Detective. My father shakes The Detective’s outstretched hand. My mother covers her chest with her arms, one hand over her mouth, a large beige purse hanging from her shoulder. She’s brought me a peanut butter and jelly sandwich and a snack-size bag of Cool Ranch Doritos. I’m not hungry, but the thought of wasting her effort makes my stomach turn.

I nibble the chips in the backseat of their car while they take me to buy a cell phone. They want to do something, to take action. With the fluorescent lights of the store, all the papers I must fill out and sign, and the windows wide open behind us, I feel dizzy enough to fall.


Driving to My Older Sister’s apartment, I watch the road extending behind me in the rearview mirror and try not to fall asleep. The boulevard becomes deserted intersection, becomes on-ramp, and interstate. The clusters of redbrick buildings give way to strip malls, to warehouses and truck stops, to XXX bookstores, to cultivated pastures growing in every direction: wheat-stalk brown, tree-bark brown, and corn-silk green.

My Older Sister meets me in the parking lot with tears in her eyes. Her hug is both desperate and safe. As she carries my bag up the stairs she says, You look like shit. Under any other circumstances, I’d tell her to fuck off. Today it’s a comfort. I do look exactly as I feel.

She isn’t able to get off work tonight, so she shows me how to use the cable remote, loads her handgun, puts it in my hand. It’s heavier than I would have imagined. She’ll work late tonight, but if I need anything, her next-door neighbor, The Sheriff, knows what happened. He might come by to check on me. Please try not to shoot him.

The whole time she’s gone, I watch the closed-circuit channel showing the front gate of her apartment complex. I sit in the dark with the gun in my hand and watch cars drive through the gate. I don’t know what I’m watching for, but I keep watching. A gray conversion van looks suspicious. I peer through a crack in the blinds.

I don’t eat. I don’t sleep. Even after My Older Sister comes home, offers me a beer, falls asleep with her arm around my body in the bed, I fix my eyes on the dark and wait.

And wait.

And wait.

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Posted in Essays, Tin House Books

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On Sequencing

BG-Flash-FidelityHere’s the tradeoff if you’re a male bee. The female honeybee does not need a partner to reproduce. She can lay an unfertilized egg, and it will hatch male. If she lays a fertilized egg, it will hatch female. Thus every male bee has one parent and every female bee, two. The male bee never has a father and never has a son. He can have friends, if he wants.

His reward is to anchor a delicate webbing. Tracing a male bee’s ancestry reveals a pattern of cracked glass: He has one parent, two grandparents, three great-grandparents, five great-great grandparents, eight great-great-great grandparents, and so on. Every male bee is the start of Fibonacci’s sequence: 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, et cetera. Every number the sum of the two numbers before it. What Fibonacci said of rabbits, we can see in bees.

Fibonacci first posed it this way: If a newborn pair of rabbits is placed in a field to mate when they are one month old, and a new pair of rabbits repeats the sequence every month after, how many pairs will there be after a year? I don’t know the answer, but I like how he specified the rabbits have to be in a field. Writing a book meant to convince the public of the superiority of Hindu-Arabic mathematics, Fibonacci takes a moment to set the scene. What made him think it was important to put the rabbits in a field? Was it a memory from school? Some long-ago emphasis a favorite teacher placed on setting? Or was it the feeling, however latent, that these patterns respond to nature as it is, as much as they dictate how it will be?

Scott Latta‘s work has been published in Oregon Quarterly, Birmingham Arts Journal, and last year he was shortlisted for publication in the Master’s Review New Voices anthology. He is an MFA candidate in nonfiction at Oregon State University and lives in Corvallis, Oregon.


The Open Bar is currently accepting submissions for Flash Fridays and Flash Fidelity. Submissions to The Open Bar should be sent via email to theopenbar@tinhouse.com with the name of the category (e.g. Flash Fridays, Flash Fidelity, etc.) in the subject line.

Posted in Flash Fidelity

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The Pleasant Trajectory of Your Existence

Flash FridaysThere are men all over this town carrying piccolo cases and french horn cases. They grip the handles tight. They are white-knuckled, sweaty men with very little to lose, and inside their instrument cases reside all manner of absurdly illegal contraband.

These are not delivery men.

They travel in pairs on steel frame bicycles and are often mistaken––on account of their attire––as Mormons. They lock their bicycles to swaddling beech trees and staked baby evergreens, move on foot through farmers markets and the parking lots of coliseums. They have studied the various meanings of screams. When standing inside a forest, they will point at the next tree limb to come down in high wind, and should you wait there with them for high wind to arrive, you will know I am telling God’s truth.

But likely you don’t believe in God’s truth.

You want only to know what is inside the piccolo cases and french horn cases. I will tell you. Inside the cases are frog hearts and jackrabbit kidneys and whichever small game parts get deemed least edible in a given week, and each tiny organ is incised, and protruding from each incision is a slip of paper the size and shape and constitution of a common fortune cookie fortune. Three tiny organs, three fortunes.

When you ascertain that you are looking at relatively freshly-harvested inside parts, and you draw back in horror or hesitate or gasp, one of the two men will say to you, “Point to the one you looked at first.” You’ll hesitate further. He’ll say, “Don’t lie,” and “In a jam, go with your gut.” You’ll point, and the silent man will draw out the halved slip of paper sans touch of a single finger, and it will unfold itself while floating before your face, opening like a miniature greeting card, and you’ll read there the secret you’d always kept most locked at your core, the secret that, once revealed, will forever alter the pleasant trajectory of your existence.

You’ll ask the men, “How could you know this about me?”

And the one who speaks will answer: “Every camera was accessible to us. Every glass lens an eye through which we saw. As you sat for hours at your computer, we watched you watching. We knew. We recognized facial contortions and we categorized behaviors. Your masturbatory patterns, once sickening to us, became nothing more than an algorithm flowing as a stream that joins a river, as a tributary that forks to an estuary, flowing into millions of other algorithms, and from this confluence emerged an energy more powerful than the stoutest of hydroelectric dams.” Here, the man will smile ever-so-faintly before he farts and then continues. “But every block of cast concrete will crack, just as every secret will be found out, just as every sun is a star, forever exploding, forever consuming its own heart.”

You’ll pause. “Alright,” you’ll say. Then you’ll ask the men what their game is and they will not understand the question, so you’ll try different words, like angle, punchline, what’s the catch. Eventually, you’ll ask them, “What do you want?”

And at this, the men will smile an unabashedly tender smile, the kind we offer to babies and the very old who have forgotten everything but their own clenched hands.

And in the smile, in the wrinkles formed at the edge of their eyes, you’ll understand that what they feel for you is pity, for you are the most useless of all animals, and your dissection reveals nothing.

The one who had remained silent will speak two words. “You failed.”

Watch the little halved paper burn before you. Watch the frog heart drop to the red felt lining of the instrument case and there turn to ash before the men close the lid and snap the latches and walk away from you, humming the melody of the song that played on a delivery room boombox the night you were born, the same tune the embalmer hums in his basement as he fills you up with preservation juice.

Hum along. It’s high time you orchestrated your life.


Glenn Taylor is the author of the novels The Marrowbone Marble Company and The Ballad of Trenchmouth Taggart, a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award. He was born and raised in Huntington, West Virginia, and he now lives with his wife and three sons in Morgantown, where he teaches at West Virginia University. His new novel, A Hanging at Cinder Bottom, will be published by Tin House Book in July.


The Open Bar is currently accepting submissions for Flash Fridays and Flash Fidelity. Submissions to The Open Bar should be sent via email to theopenbar@tinhouse.com with the name of the category (e.g. Flash Fridays, Flash Fidelity, etc.) in the subject line.

Posted in Fiction, Flash Fridays

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The Tin House Podcast: Matthew Zapruder


We kickoff 2015 with “The Furniture Appears to be Dreaming,” Matthew Zapruder’s attempt to spectacularly fail, for once and for all, to define poetry.

ZapruderIn this lecture, first given at last summer’s workshop, Matthew tackled metaphor, so-called “poetic” language, and explored the differences between poetry and prose.

Other topics covered included Keats, chimney sweepers, Bishop, line breaks, and blue antelope.

In other words, all the essentials.

Matthew Zapruder is the author of four collections of poetry, most recently Sun Bear (Copper Canyon, 2014). His poems, essays and translations have appeared in many publications, including Bomb, Slate, Poetry, Paris Review, and The Believer. An Assistant Professor in the St. Mary’s College of California MFA program and English Department, he is also Editor-at-Large at Wave Books.

Posted in Podcasts, Writer's Workshop

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The Essential Novels of Lost Angeles

BG-Correspondent's-CourseNot being from L.A., and not being a hundred years old, I figured I’d better do some serious legwork before trying to write a novel of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s time in Hollywood. Along with the glossy photo essays and scratchy newsreels and high-flown histories of the studio system’s golden age, I combed through a survey of novels from the period, fastening on details but also trying to see how that long-gone L.A. was portrayed. What were the cliches I should avoid and where could I find new opportunities?

While Southern California seems like a garden spot to someone from the Midwest, the major works mostly focus on falseness and squalor.  While John Fante wallows in the seediness of Bunker Hill and San Pedro, John O’Hara in Hope of Heaven and Budd Schulberg in What Makes Sammy Run? key on the cheesiness of the city’s architecture and its business of creating empty illusion. Raymond Chandler finds nothing but perversion and corruption in picturesque Bay City (Santa Monica), much as James Ellroy would fifty years later. Though the city was much smaller then, the neighborhoods not yet cordoned off by freeways, there’s no sense of community, only loners and outcasts isolated and at the mercy of greedy politicians, crooked cops and religious charlatans. Shabby, ugly, secondhand, materialistic, vapid–there’s not a lot of love for the city, even in the best work set there, with one exception.

Despite the underlying plot laying bare the ruthlessness of American business, in The Last Tycoon Fitzgerald does his damnedest to give his lovers a romantic backdrop, featuring the Hollywood Hills and Stahr’s unbuilt house overlooking the Pacific, as well as sweeping aerial views of the mountains surrounding the city (in anticipation of a fifth-act plane crash). I latched onto this as a cue to include more of the natural world in West of Sunset, especially as seen through a transplant’s eyes. Fitzgerald also has a soft spot for movie magic, unlike a harder-edged satirist like Nathanael West. As a writer whose first love was the theater, Fitzgerald finds the stagesets and the backlot ingenious and enchanting rather than fake. His love of illusion and need for romance, especially at this time of his life, colors his novel, and seemed a good guideline for mine.


The Big Sleep (1939) index

Often imitated, never improved upon, Raymond Chandler’s first book introduces Philip Marlowe, a tarnished knight for a fallen world.  As with George Romero’s Night of the Living Dead, a sizeable chunk of our current entertainment is based on this one work.  Chandler’s voice is neatly deadpan and then flowers into baroque metaphor.  Like most of the authors on this list, not a native, but a wayward Brit.


il_fullxfull-157666829The Last Tycoon (1941)

Fitzgerald regained his form in this unfinished novel of Hollywood, a cousin of Gatsby, proceeding–as he wrote in his notes–by situation and mood.  A tragicomic opera focusing on the inner workings of the studio system, the soullessness of which provides the perfect background for his last-ditch romance between his hero Stahr and Kathleen.


In a Lonely Place (1947)in-a-lonely-place

With its psychopathic first-person voice, Dorothy B. Hughes’ fog-soaked noir predates Jim Thompson’s The Killer Inside Me and bears only a nominal resemblance to Nicholas Ray’s film.  Hughes keeps us stuck in her twisted narrator’s head, at the mercy of his swimming thoughts.  Maybe the best portrayal of a predator ever.


thedayofthelocustThe Day of the Locust (1939)

Native New Yorker Nathanael West’s second masterpiece is a biting, grotesque nightmare of the underside of Hollywood–what happens to the foolish who come west expecting fame and fortune.  At a gala premiere, his have-nots erupt in one of the most frightening riot scenes ever written.  The birthplace of Homer Simpson.


They Shoot Horses, Don’t They? (1935)McCoy, They Shoot Horses, Signet

Depression L.A. was at once the capital of glamor and the last hope for tens of thousands of Dust Bowl refugees seeking work.  Like West, Horace McCoy finds the new arrivals terrifyingly naive.  His portrayal of the young and desperate culminates in a life-or-death dance marathon on Santa Monica pier–literally the end of America.


loved-one-92c5f98707e91c27c1c05adb3042b7cbc8fd0a32-s6-c30The Loved One (1948)

Evelyn Waugh’s satire of American burial customs may be less savage than West or McCoy, but–as only an ex-pat Brit can–he takes catty glee in showing us a culture that’s lost any sense of the sacred.  Who wouldn’t want their final resting place prepared by Mr. Joyboy?


Stewart O’Nan’s
award-winning fiction includes Snow Angels, A Prayer for the Dying, Last Night at the Lobster, and Emily, Alone. Granta named him one of America’s Best Young Novelists. His latest novel, West of Sunset, was published earlier this week.

Posted in Correspondent's Course

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Ultrasonic: An Interview with Steven Church

BG-Interview-1Steven Church’s fourth book of nonfiction, Ultrasonic: Essays, is a sublime meditation on the act of listening. With stunning range and an uncanny ability to speculate beyond the objective facts, Church transforms and personalizes cultural noise and everyday news stories. In the award-winning essay, “Auscultation,” he re-imagines the first pulsing sounds of life detected by rescuers after a 2002 Pennsylvania coalmine collapse. “The King’s Last Game” invites the reader to listen while Church conjures a boisterous game of racquetball with Elvis—his authorial attention pinging between Americana kitsch and major existential questions about birth, death and grief. Ultrasonic does more than confirm Steven Church’s status as a major force in the world of creative nonfiction: it broadcasts the message like a sonic boom in a subway tunnel.

Church teaches in the MFA Program Fresno State University, where he is a Founding Editor of The Normal School Magazine. On a recent visit to celebrate The Normal School’s seventh anniversary, we spent an afternoon touring Fresno’s legendary Forestiere Underground Gardens. Using nothing but a pickaxe and shovel, visionary Italian immigrant Baldasare Forestiere spent forty years carving the exquisite system of catacombs and subterranean citrus orchards. This historical site felt entirely appropriate for our subsequent conversation: sound and noise are primary concerns in his work, but Church is also a tunneler of sorts, an explorer of depths and echoes, a tour guide through the alcoves of the human heart.


Justin Hocking: The subject matter of the essays in Ultrasonic is wide-ranging and pleasantly digressive, with riffs on fatherhood, heavy metal, infant cardiology, Elvis, and personal loss, just to name a few. Can you discuss how you employed the concept of sounding to navigate and unite all this disparate material?

Steven Church: Sounding has this really interesting etymology as well as a variety of meanings. It’s a word with literal and figurative weight, a word with physicality, defined in part by the human body. And one of its meanings is to “measure the depth” of a body of water (measurements recorded in fathoms), and I kind of think of what I’m doing in the book as taking measurements, dropping lines down into a deep well of meaning, gauging the depth, and occasionally dragging sediment or other stuff up from the bottom. Much of the form of the book was a kind of reaction to the traditional analogies used to talk about form in nonfiction, most of which relied heavily on allusion to visual form—line, collage, thread, web, braid, etc. I wanted to think about form differently, in terms of the creation of echoes, where there are recurring sounds throughout the book, patterns of meaning, rather than solid linear threads or narrative lines.

IMG_3616JH: The first essay, “Auscultation,” was chosen for the Best American Essay anthology, and it’s easy to see why: The narrative performs a kind of brilliant alchemy by combining the history of the stethoscope, two mining collapses, and the moment you first heard the wish, wish, wish of your unborn daughter’s heart. This feels a little like asking a magician to reveal his his tricks, but I’m wondering if you can trace moments when these associations first began to click for you?

SC: That piece started, I think, with an imitation assignment given to my students after we read Eula Biss’s wonderful essay, “Time and Distance Overcome,” and talked about the subversive history of everyday objects. Around the same time, for reasons that hard for me to articulate or explain, I became obsessed with stories of trapped miners. There seemed to be a succession of these incidents in the news, and I’m a somewhat obsessive reader of the news and I often find that my writing is an attempt to explore and understand why certain stories stay with me, lingering around in my consciousness or commanding my repeated attention. So I think I started doing research into rescue efforts for some of these trapped miners, focusing on how they “listen” for life beneath the surface using things called “geophones,” and I think this led to me thinking about “life beneath the surface,” “chambers” in the earth and the human body, and eventually to stethoscopes and how they are used to listen for life beneath the surface of the human body or to diagnose sickness dysfunction, which then led (inevitably I suppose) to a consideration of my own personal connection to the subject matter, to my role as a father. When I discovered that the stethoscope is a relatively simple and new technology, it got me thinking a lot about how the stethoscope is tied to the formation of identity. I knew pretty early on that the essay would have four parts or “chambers” to correspond to the subject matter in some way, but I played around with the organizations of the sections a bit. Much of it came together pretty quickly, which makes it a bit of an anomaly for me. Most of my essays take much longer to find their shape, form, and focus.

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Posted in Interviews

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Guibert’s Ghost


In France, Hervé Guibert was widely recognized as a transgressive, unflinching writer who interwove fact and fiction in his various novels published through the 1980s. As part of Paris’s cultural milieu, he quickly became friends—and even lovers—with the philosopher Michel Foucault. When Foucault died in 1984, purportedly to cancer, Guibert swerved from his violent phantasmagorias to a “scrupulously accurate” depiction of Foucault’s death—from AIDS—in a time when the disease was being ignored and reviled. The resulting book, To the Friend Who Did Not Save My Life (1990), caused an uproar in the French media and reignited popular debate over the ethics of secrecy and of AIDS. In the following year, Guibert would chronicle, in the public eye, his own surrender to the same disease. With the posthumous publication of his collected journals, The Mausoleum of Lovers, now translated into English by Nathanaël for Nightboat Books, Hervé Guibert’s legacy was cemented in French history as a writer, a photographer, an outspoken activist, and a figurehead of the AIDS generation.

 Marie Darrieussecq, who later became one of France’s bestselling authors, wrote her dissertation on autofiction and tragic irony in the works of Georges Perec, Michel Leiris, Serge Doubrovsky, and Hervé Guibert. In this essay, “Guibert’s Ghost,” Darrieussecq discusses the relationship she wishes she could have had with the author who profoundly affected her. —Jeffrey Zuckerman


I would have liked to know Hervé Guibert. Or rather: I’d have just liked to lay eyes on him. Have a drink a few tables away from him. See him with mutual friends, hear him talk. He’d no doubt have intimidated me. He’d no doubt have irritated me, too. The guys who liked him lovingly said that he was cruel. I’m imagining this kind of French cruelty, of witticisms, of political incorrectness, this man who hated pity, charity. This one who preferred real friendship, never apologized, hated cowardice, betrayed like Genet, was intoxicated by freedom. That’s how I imagine him. Guibert. “Secrets have to circulate,” he wrote. That’s not the image of friendship I have in my head. That’s not exactly my idea of writing. But I see what he means. Some sort of devastating clarity. Declaring everything. The horror of cooped-up families, of rancid sex, of small shames. Guibert was enmeshed in beauty, in glimmering bitterness. In the harsh blankness. In the flush of desire. Yes, I’d have liked to lay eyes on him. He scared me a little. And I regret it, that it never happened, that it is now impossible, because for fifteen years now he has been dead. Paradise, his final book, is a masterpiece. I read it with a lump in my throat. A quick, urgent book, seamless and yet delicate, subtle, nuanced, filled with love.

I’d have liked to take the time to explain all that to my grandfather. Why my grandfather? It’s a strange story. My grandfather never read anything but one book which was his bible: Journey to the End of the Night. Not a bad choice. He suddenly, graciously took interest in my teenage reading habits. I threw out the name: “Guibert.” I wasn’t thinking. I was passionately within Guibert. So the old man wanted to know about me? He’d just have to read Guibert. My grandfather went to his neighborhood bookstore. He could have found Gangsters and Mauve the Virgin. The twenty books already written by Guibert. No. Of course the only book by Guibert this bookstore had was Phantoms Have Arisen in Me.

The title is from one of Sade’s letters in prison to his wife: “Owing to you phantoms have arisen in me which I shall have to render real.” I hummed this phrase in my head; it enchanted and terrified me. It doubtlessly would have been hard to publish such a book today. It’s an impressive, magnificent, unbearable book. I can only think of three or four books like that, books I have to set down when turning the pages to gulp for breath: Bret Easton Ellis’s American Psycho, Pavel Hak’s Sniper, Dennis Cooper’s The Sluts, Gabrielle Wittkop’s The Child-Trader. So my grandfather, in full innocence, began reading this story of “vile men” who keep little boys in bags, train them for battle, rape them, dismember them. Guibert’s novel is phantasms pushed to their limits, which words incarnate in the act of Writing. Which isn’t an act of killing. Which is precisely the opposite. My grandfather didn’t finish the book. He called to tell me that he didn’t understand me. I could tell from his voice that he was trying to stay calm. I loved him for that. And to the day of his death, we never managed to talk to each other again. Because of a book. A book by Guibert.


Hervé Guibert at Callicoon Fine Arts

The performative power of literature. The divisive, silent power. Its Rousseauian evocativeness, its meaning, its style, its sentences’ strength–my grandfather saw none of that, or wanted to see none of that. He wasn’t prepared for that. He didn’t have the background for that. He was at the end of his life and explaining the book would have been impossible, explaining it as a teenager to an old man. I’d have liked to, anyway. A missed opportunity. A failure. But, with Guibert’s harshness, a long misunderstanding had begun. I went in other directions with the books I read, with the words I wrote. Into betrayal, far from family.

I’d have liked to tell Guibert all this. But what good would it have done? Often readers bore me, telling me their stories. A good reader is a mute reader. A reader who knows the difference between writing and speaking. But some letters, however. Particular sentences that touch you just so. I only wrote once to Guibert. I was twenty years old. A friend took a picture of me, an odd picture: my face was hidden behind the book I was reading, and this book was Incognito. I sent that photo, just that, without any explanation. I don’t know if it ever reached him. But today, as a writer, receiving such an envelope makes me uneasy: no matter how pleasant, I hate anonymous notes. Books attract crazy people. Certain books. No, I’d have liked to just drink a glass a few feet away from him. Hear him talk. Keep on reading him. I’d have liked for him not to have died.


Marie Darrieussecq was born in 1969 in Bayonne, France. Her debut novel, Pig Tales, was a breakout success, selling 3,000 copies per day. Many of her subsequent novels have also been translated into English, including My Phantom Husband, Breathing Underwater, A Brief Stay with the Living, White, Tom Is Dead, and All the Way. She lives in Paris with her husband and children.

Jeffrey Zuckerman is digital editor of Music & Literature magazine. He previously translated Marie Darrieussecq for Best European Fiction, and his other writing and translations have appeared in the Yale Daily News Magazine, 3:AM Magazine, The Rumpus, The White Review, and The Los Angeles Review of Books. In his free time, he does not listen to music.

*This text originally appeared in the French magazine Senso, issue 29, winter 2007, in response to the prompt given to writers: “I would have liked . . .” and has been translated from the French by Jeffrey Zuckerman.

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Being There: An Interview with Robert Stone


Tin House was saddened to learn about the death of Robert Stone, one of the giants of American fiction. A clear-eyed chronicler of our county’s disfunction and simultaneous beauty, Stone’s wisdom will be missed. Last year, Rob Spillman interviewed Stone for issue #58 of Tin House, which we are happy to share with you today.


Robert Stone has been there. And he has come out with clear-eyed dispatches from the soul of dark America. Born in 1937, raised by a schizophrenic mother in Brooklyn, with a few stops in Catholic orphanages, Stone went from high school into the navy, and after his four-year stint traveling the globe, came back to New York to work for various tabloids, from the Daily News to a National Enquirer rip-off, before sending a story to Stanford’s prestigious Stegner Program. There, he honed his craft and befriended Ken Kesey, who introduced him to the early experiments with the new research drug LSD. Married and with a young child, Stone watched the Merry Pranksters take off in Further, Kesey’s psychedelic school bus, and greeted them many months later at his Upper West Side apartment. He was in Mexico with Kerouac and Cassady, and in 1971 he went to Vietnam to write magazine pieces, which he used as the raw material for his National Book Award–winning novel, Dog Soldiers.

For his previous eight novels and two story collections, Stone has twice been a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize and once for the PEN/Faulkner. His 2007 memoir, Prime Green: Remembering the Sixties, vividly recounts his time in the navy and postservice life on the edges of the psychedelic and Beat scenes. His latest novel, Death of the Black-Haired Girl, taps into his many years of teaching at prestigious universities, including ten years at Yale. Death of the Black-Haired Girl takes place at a very Yale-like university, and is centered around the affair between the charismatic ex-seaman professor Brookman and his student Maud, the daughter of a Queens cop, which threatens to explode both of their families. The novel goes head-on at class and privilege, the New Haven–like town engulfed in a “terrifying atavistic cloud enfolding shame and resentment, even humiliation and murder.” Like much of Stone’s work, his characters know better than to give in to self-destructive impulses, yet still throw themselves into compromising positions, trapping themselves in webs spun by their own delusions: “What brought him to the office and the meeting with Stack was akin to every other high-risk adventure he had ever undertaken. Maybe the temptation of oblivion, or an obsessive curiosity about the ineluctability of fate. And an ancient anger he had been born with, an insatiable rage against himself, his cast of mind—a sense that he had been born out of line, raised wrong, lived deserving of some unknownable retribution that it was his duty and honor to face down, prevent, overcome.”

I caught up with Stone on an unusually pleasant August day on New York’s Upper East Side, in the modest, comfortable apartment he shares with Janice, his wife of over fifty years. Art posters line the walls, and oriental carpets dot the floors. Lately, Stone has been dividing his time between Manhattan and Massachusetts, where he is undergoing regular CPOD treatment for his chronic emphysema. Our conversation was occasionally interrupted by his shallow coughing, the only sign of his hard living during the late fifties and sixties. Otherwise, the seventy-six-year-old is sharp, measured, and gracious, with a lively twinkle in his eye.

Tin House: One of the things I most admire about your new novel is the multifaceted way it deals with class and privilege.

Robert Stone: Aspects of class and privilege persist on elite campuses and are manifest in many ways to a greater extent than most of us realize. I wonder if there isn’t a greater social and cultural division between young people at the most prestigious schools and kids in our underfunded, undemanding public system than there was fifty years ago.

TH: Both Maud and Brookman are class outsiders at the university.

img-robert-stone-1_163532975694RS: It is funny, I’ve just been reading about Sylvia Plath at Maureen Buckley’s coming-out party, where she is the most beautiful girl in the room, but also the least rich.

TH: In the crucial scene, you have a powerfully ambiguous moment of violence. I imagine it could be seen as a Rorschach test for readers as to who is most culpable. Are you clear on what happens at that pivotal moment?

RS: I’m quite clear about what’s happening physically in the violent moments. I’m less clear about the chain of guilt and desire that brought the violence down.

TH: So you are not in the Nabokov camp of treating your characters like “galley slaves”?

RS: Well, I don’t treat them very well. But, no.

TH: You’ve said in the past: “Ambiguity is not the absence of morality. It’s just a confusion about morality.”

RS: The confusions about morality in fiction come from attempts to resolve the whirl of motive and desire in life with a vulgarized formula of “good actions/bad actions, good people/bad people.” It’s not that moral choices don’t exist—it’s that they can’t be expressed in the kind of theatrical shorthand with which slack writing attempts to resolve moral questions. Obviousness in this regard is subversive of good prose and good fiction because moral elements are the core of our great stories.

TH: At the end of Dog Soldiers, you echo the marine motto “Kill them all and let God sort them out.” As fictional god, do you pass judgment on your characters or let the reader, God, or history make up their minds?

RS: To some extent I’m passing judgment. I can’t not. I can’t escape that. But it is more incumbent on the reader to make a moral call on the characters. And of course it is about how well the characters behave, how corrupt they are, and to what degree they fail each other.

TH: There has been a spate of absurd articles lately about the “likeability” of fictional characters, and this being some kind of litmus test.

RS: Well, it is absurd. Their relative likeability is silly. Likeability is something else altogether. It reminds me of a student’s story. I can’t remember if he had been in the military. He had been in one of those situations where there are a lot of young males competing for survival. It might have been a boot camp. And in such a group there is always a scapegoat, a persecuted figure, the one guy whose case everyone is on, the tormented figure. So all kinds of things are done to this person who is inadequate in some way—he can’t keep his gear in order, that kind of thing. So when this person in the story is persecuted, pranks of various sorts are played upon him, and they are meant to be funny; the reader is invited to enjoy the persecution of the persecuted. Well, it spoils the story, because it makes the narrator look like such a no-good son of a bitch that we don’t believe him. This is close to the issue of likeability. There’s a naïveté. The writer is failing to understand that when the writer is inviting the reader to enjoy cruelty, this really spoils the reality and usefulness of the narrator as a narrator. The same thing happens in Waugh. But Waugh, who was a complete no-good prick, knew perfectly well that in order to have a viable and reliable character, useful as a point-of-view character, it wouldn’t do to have him rejoice in the sufferings of the victim. So he makes a POV character, the narrator, actually helpful and kind.

TH: The moral presence in much of your work comes through the female characters. Brookman’s wife, Ellie, reminds me of Grace in my favorite story of yours, “Helping.” But Ellie seems tougher, her religious faith unshakable. What drew you to her and the Bezeidenhaut?

RS: Well, Ellie was born into it—into one form or another of Mennonite. Grace is the kind of Catholic that she has chosen to become. There’s more magic around Ellie. Ellie’s religion is quasi-pagan. It is really a subarctic Hutterite religion touched by Indian beliefs.

TH: It feels otherworldly.

RS: It reminds me that I have no business writing about places like Peru, places I’ve never been. But there too it is deep Indian magic.

TH: Do you admire people with absolute faith?

RS: I think they are lucky up to a point. I wouldn’t say that absolute faith is worthy per se. Sometimes absolute faith is a good guide for life and useful to the world; sometimes it just makes everything more of a drag. It depends on which faith you invest in.

TH: Did this novel start with a character, an image, a word?

RS: It had its origins in a scene of a room with two young women. It just began to happen.

TH: Is this typically how you work, starting in scene?

RS: Yes. Something outside of the narrative structure of the novel that happens before the main action, that isn’t sequential.

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Will Mrs. Groucho Be With You?

BG-Aperitif-dc2For me, the holidays are for catching up on correspondence: in particular, someone else’s. These past weeks, I’ve been reading letters between Groucho Marx and T.S. Eliot collected in The Groucho Letters. Although they might sound like unlikely correspondents, in the 1960s they exchanged a series of letters, autographed photos and quips about cigars: (“I just want you to know I’m rooting for your quick recovery,” Groucho wrote to Eliot, because “under the most trying conditions you never stopped smoking cigars.”)


Eliot was an enthusiast of the Marx Brothers and part of the correspondence includes mutual invitations for a dinner that finally happened in London in 1964 after years of trying to get together. “Speaking of asparagus,” Groucho wrote to his brother Gummo, “the dinner included good, solid English beef . . . Eliot insisted on pouring the wine himself.” While the letters that I read didn’t give specific details about what was decanted or imbibed, from Groucho’s animated description, it appears to have been a festive evening. “Eliot and I discovered we had three things in common: 1) an affection for good cigars and 2) cats; and 3) a weakness for making puns—a weakness that for many years I have tried to overcome.”

Although none of these surprising, sensitive and often hilarious missives were written anywhere near France and despite no direct mention of Paris (at least in the letters that I read), which puts their correspondence a little outside the realm of a column that talks about literary Paris, some Francophile affiliations can be found in the work of both artists. Eliot wrote some poems in French and Groucho played the part of Napoleon in his first stage hit, I’ll Say She Is!, that includes this pithy jibe:

Empress: Napoleon, when you go, all France is with you.

Napoleon: Yes, and the last time I came home all France was with you, and a slice of Italy, too. T.S._Eliot,_1923

It would take more than one month’s column to try to more fully express the complex friendship, affection and admiration between these two men who together rocked the twentieth century with everything from Duck Soup to The Waste Land.  Their letters are part of a long and rich epistolary tradition that might sound like some fancy practice but is just another name for good old letter writing, something that I’ve been pretty sluggish about lately.

Reading their correspondence makes me think that this might be a good time to get back to writing some letters longhand, sealing envelopes and actually sending them out, because it seems to me that whether the missive/dispatch/friendly yoo-hoo is written on swanky cardstock or scribbled on a scrap of paper, it can serve as cordial greetings and salutations for the New Year, or far beyond. And then you could always lean a bit on the words of Groucho to Eliot: “My best to you and your lovely wife, whoever she may be;” or take a little inspiration from one of Eliot’s postscripts to Groucho: “Your portrait is framed on my office mantelpiece, but I have to point you out to my visitors as nobody recognizes you without the cigar and rolling eyes. I shall try to provide a cigar worthy of you.”

Heather Hartley is Paris editor at Tin House and the author of Knock Knock and Adult Swim
 (forthcoming), both from Carnegie Mellon University Press. Her poems, essays, and interviews have appeared in or on PBS NewsHour, The Guardian, and The Literary Review, among others. She has presented writers at Shakespeare & Company Bookshop’s weekly reading series and lives in Paris.

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Each year, we force ask our staff to contribute a few favorites to a list of the “best” non fiction, music, poetry, film, television, and fiction of the year (with a few cheaters from years past).


Yesterday, listing our favorite film and television of 2014, our staff tended toward nonfiction. Even the most popular flick, Boyhood, feels more like a document than a piece of fiction. So maybe it shouldn’t be a surprise that the cake-taking novel is a piece of what I think we’re supposed to call “autofiction?”


Cheston Knapp (Managing Editor, Tin House Magazine): Gotta be Ben Lerner’s 10:04 here. There were novels that told better stories, probably, but Lerner’s was one of the very few recent books I’ve read that so successfully shrinks the distance between story and life, bringing one into asymptotic relation to the other in a way that felt fresh and alive and honest. Also it’s pretty funny.

Rob Spillman (Editor, Tin House Magazine): Ben Lerner’s 10:04 is the novel that has stuck with me this year. On the surface, the self-referential novel about a successful Brooklyn writer writing about being a successful Brooklyn writer would appear to be as annoying and inviting as jumping into a bag of tacks. Yet Lerner asks how he/we are to live a life of artistic, intellectual, and political engagement. 10:04 walks the walk. And if the price to pay for reading this is suffering through the hundreds of pale imitations that will inevitably follow, so be it.

Emma Komlos-Hrobsky (Assistant Editor, Tin House Magazine): 10:04 hardly needs another endorsement, but it deserves every one it gets. What fascinated me in reading the book was seeing the realities of a city I navigate daily rendered with a level of attentiveness that surpasses even my most alert real-life experience of those same places and situations. How strange, how on-beyond uncanny, to step so totally into someone else’s perceiving mind, to not just see my world through Lerner’s character’s eyes, but see it more completely than I did before. I wonder sometimes if the draw of the writing of someone like Lerner or Maggie Nelson is the chance to inhabit the hyper-intelligence that fuels their work; I almost feel like I’m flattering myself when I read one of their books and ride shotgun to their synaptic quickfire, pretending as reader that I’m the one driving that car. But I’m not, and will never be, and am so glad for the Lerners and the Nelsons of this world who’ll let me tag along with them.

I think we can agree to be thankful for the Lerners and Nelsons. Who else?


Thomas Ross (Editorial Assistant): 2014 was the year I finally read Lydia Millet. Happily, it was also the year her biggest, brightest, and most fun novel Mermaids in Paradise was released. Millet excels at couching the sublime in the subtle, but with Mermaids she flips the script: a fast-paced caper involving real mermaids, corporate corruption, and staight-up kidnapping serves as window dressing around beautiful revelations on the nature of happiness, class, the environment, marriage, history, and the heartland. And in the last few pages, Millet takes a last unexpected upward turn, one that had me wanting to hug this book until the binding broke.

all the light

Jakob Vala (Graphic Designer): I’m having a hard time writing about my love of Anthony Doerr’s All the Light We Cannot See, imbued as it is with lines so masterful and heartbreaking as to leave me floundering in my own inadequacies as a speaker of the English language. Instead I’ll leave you with this line about the sea, written from one character to another: “It is my favorite thing, I think, that I have ever seen. Sometimes I catch myself staring at it and forget my duties. It seems big enough to contain everything anyone could ever feel.”


Meg Storey (Editor, Tin House Books): All I knew about Emily St. John Mandel’s Station Eleven was that it entails a roaming troupe of actors, it was nominated for the National Book Award, and it has a pretty cover. I am not usually drawn to postapocalyptic fiction and I am a slow reader, but I read the first 150 pages in one sitting. Mandel evokes a post-pandemic United States in which a “prophet” and his followers are terrorizing communities. She tells the story mostly through Kirsten, an actress with the troupe who was a girl when the plague hit, but she also interweaves the stories of an actor who died of a heart attack the night people started dying of the flu and of the man who jumped on stage to try to save him. The narrative jumps back and forth in time, showing how these people’s lives intersected before the apocalypse and how they continue to. And even though the reader senses who the prophet is before the climatic scene, the mystery and the tension are nevertheless satisfying and palpable. A couple of days after I read the first half, I thought I would read a few pages before going to sleep and ended up finishing the book way past my bedtime. And as soon as I did, I wanted to turn to the first page and start reading again.


Michelle Wildgen (Executive Editor, Tin House Magazine): Lily King’s Euphoria sounds like one of those books that will be a massive doorstop, but it is light and swift and completely engrossing, and when people wonder how to balance science or research with story, I send them this way, to King’s wonderful Margaret Mead-inspired heroine on an anthropological trip up the river in New Guinea.


Esme Hogeveen (Editorial Intern): How to Be Both is a story about layers, grief, time, love, art, and above all, how narrative is uniquely able to capture the simultaneity of emotions and thoughts related to these themes. Divided into two technically self-contained stories, How to Be Both is being published in two different versions, with the order of the stories switched in either edition. One story is about a teenage girl, George, whose feminist mother, a creator of internet intervention art, called “Subverts,” has recently died. The other story is based on a real Italian Renaissance fresco painter, named Francesco del Cossa. George’s mother was a fan of del Cossa’s work, and in one memorable scene, she describes how the fresco images are full of gender ambiguity. The opacity of meaning and the impossibility of a single story are part of Smith’s broader experimentation within the novel tradition. As in her earlier work, including Hotel World and The Accidental, How to Be Both sees Smith directly engaged with the coalescence of formal and content concerns in writing. Playful and enormously erudite, How to Be Both recalls Woolf’s innovative depictions of female perspective and Munro’s nuanced characterization. Smith’s narrative, however, is emphatically unique and its layered assemblage is destined to delight readers who love reading.

Meanwhile, in shorter fiction . . . 

h and g

Michelle: Neil Gaiman’s retelling of Hansel and Gretel, illustrated by Lorenzo Mattotti, is somehow utterly faithful and yet new—Gaiman teases out the subtext of war and grasping hunger that the fairy tale has always had. By making the wicked stepmother a mother instead, and by showing her move from pretty young wife to desperate parent, he sends a deep unease through a reader. It’s not a shudder so much as bone-level fear that nothing is okay. Add in the sweeping, pitch-black illustrations in which feathers of whiteness stand out among the darkness, and you have yourself a classic that I chose not to share with my child until she is in college.


Meg: It is not often that I read a book more than once, but Elizabeth McCracken’s novel The Giant’s House is one of the books that I do. It’s been a favorite of mine for years and always reminds me that love comes in many shapes and sizes (literally, in this novel) and that our ideas of who someone is and what she is capable of are often wrong. So I was very excited that McCracken’s second story collection was coming out this year. Like all of her work, McCracken’s stories follow quirky characters dealing with love and loss. Surprising friendships are formed and family members disappear. But as the New York Times Book Review puts it: “The fact that there is nothing depressing about the ubiquity of accident and disaster in Thunderstruck and Other Stories is a powerful testament to the scratchy humor and warm intelligence of McCracken’s writing.” These are stories that explore our weaknesses and desires and yet leave us hopeful that while the outcome may not be happy in the traditional sense, it is the truest one.


Diane Chonette (Art Director): Jess Walter’s, Mr. Voice, which appeared in Tin House #61 (Tribes) is an unexpectedly sweet coming-of-age tale that kept me entertained from the start. I love the way Walter’s develops his characters and brings you into their time and place with twists and turns along the way. I guess I’ll need to add Beautiful Ruins to my must read list now!


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Each year, we force ask our staff to contribute a few favorites to a list of the “best” non fiction, music, poetry, film, television, and fiction of the year (with a few cheaters from years past).


In a year that saw the release of the beautiful, stirring film adaptation of the very first Tin House book (Amy Jo Albany’s memoir Low Down), the movies were an even bigger part of our lives than usual. And we’re already the types that frequent theaters on the weekend and revel in regular basement movie nights. For our Portland staff, of course, it helps that like all other businesses in Portland, the theaters pretty universally serve beer, so you can bring that partially-finished-basement feel with you. Which made our big frontrunner that much more effecting:

(Fair warning: most of these links are to autoplaying trailers on YouTube!)


Rob Spillman (Editor, Tin House Magazine): A different kind of ambition is on display with Boyhood, Richard Linklater’s stunning, twelve-years-in-the-making film that follows a boy from six through eighteen. A boyhood marked not by huge events, but by the everyday moments that form one’s textured memory, the movie asks and demonstrates “how can I/we exist in the world in an authentic way?”

Emma Komlos-Hrobsky (Assistant Editor, Tin House Magazine): I can’t say that Boyhood had the best acting or writing of the movies I’ve seen this year, but I can’t think of a film that’s moved me more, this year or any maybe any other. There are times when the seams show in the actors’ performances, especially those of the kids, and yet I’d feel like I was doing the movie an injustice to fault them there, because to me a perfectly crafted performance is at odds with what the movie is about. For me, those imperfections return us to Boyhood‘s big idea: using film to record the reality of the passage of time, the span of a life. The fact just of the years and years it took to film Boyhood–a span of time so long that the actors’ contracts couldn’t cover it, such that the whole project hinged on good faith–testifies to the generous spirit with which it was made. Maybe particularly because I saw the movie at a moment of personal flux, watching however many years’ worth of moments accrue in the life of Boyhood’s boy made me almost sappy-grateful for the progression of time, for the fact that things keep on happening–at least, until they don’t. When I first saw the film, in the midst of a couple of disorienting weeks, I kept telling myself, “Just think of Boyhood,” of that fact that there’s more life waiting for me beyond what I can see, that the movie keeps going, and that in itself is worth watching. Four months later, I’m still thinking of the film and telling myself the same thing.

Michelle Wildgen (Executive Editor, Tin House Magazine): For me and pretty much everyone else this was all about Boyhood: the slow physical evolution of the actors, the drama and disappointment of daily life. Somehow Richard Linklater managed to make a three-hour epic about a pretty normal life into something I couldn’t tear my eyes away from.

Cheston Knapp (Managing Editor, Tin House Magazine): So everyone’s gonna say Boyhood, right? Maybe the question should be, rather, “After Boyhood what was your favorite movie of the year?” And the answer is, I don’t know, probably Stardust Memories.

Correct answer to his own question from Cheston. Moving on from the fictional twelve-year document to the legitimate documentary crowd:


Matthew Dickman (Poetry Editor, Tin House Magazine): Citizen Four. Unlike any documentary I have seen, this story of real-life espionage and drama unfolds while you eat your popcorn on the very fucking edge of your seat. This is our recent history in real time and brings up questions about our nation’s values that need to be constantly discussed.

dancing in jaffa

Meg Storey (Editor, Tin House Books): The ongoing conflict and the futile attempts at a peace process between Israel and Palestine became even more horrific and discouraging this past year. Regardless of your political stance, one thing is certain: children on both sides are suffering from the traumas of war and racism. The documentary Dancing in Jaffa follows Pierre Dulaine, a ballroom dancer whose family left Jaffa, Palestine, when he was a boy, before it became a neighborhood in Tel Aviv, Israel. Dulaine returns for the first time to Jaffa to teach Palestinian and Jewish children to dance, together. The movie is heartbreaking and heartwarming as it shows the children (as well as their parents) at first resistant but eventually won over by Dulaine’s charm and his insistence that dance can bring people together in a respectful and joyful forum. I dare you to watch this trailer and not become convinced that if there were more dancing, there would more peace in this world. Here’s to much dancing in 2015.

art and craft

Esmé Hogeveen (Editorial Intern): Art and Craft, directed by Sam Cullman and Jennifer Grausman, is a documentary portrait of Mark Landis, the recently exposed art forger. Landis, 59 years old, conceives of himself as a “philanthropist.” In various falsified personas—including a bereaved brother and a benevolent priest—Landis has donated work to dozens of reputable galleries in the United States. The film, while acknowledging Landis’ mental health challenges and his Bates-like affection for his dead mother, portrays him as a Kafka-esque hunger artist. Or rather, a wannabe hunger artist. To the filmmaker’s credit, an answer is never provided to the question: Is Landis brilliant? Or merely a fake? Most fascinatingly, perhaps, is Landis’ reverence for art and his resolute opinion that he himself is not an artist, despite his astounding abilities. Several shots of Art and Craft are close-ups of his hands and eyes, flickering between prints of the image he is replicating and its copy. If unintentionally, Landis’ project and his eventual exposure by the film’s quasi-antagonist, a curator named Matthew Leininger, draws attention to some of the most pressing questions facing contemporary artists and art institutions: what does it mean to create something new? How can art, and craft, be effectively evaluated in the era of the mash-up? What is the worth of an image in relation to the context of its creation? Bizarre, hilarious and bittersweet, Art and Craft is a compassionate portrait of an unconventional art lover.

Kidnapped for Christ

Jakob Vala (Graphic Designer): In 2006, Kate S. Logan, a film student at the evangelical-based Biola University began shooting a documentary about a Christian therapy program for troubled youth in the Dominican Republic. Her film was supposed to tell a straightforward and heartwarming story, but it became a disturbing exposé on the abusive practices of these off-shore (and, often unrestricted) organizations. Even as a traditional documentary, Kidnapped for Christ would be an important film. But, as Logan unearths the truth about the program, she begins to question her own faith and, ultimately, makes the decision to intervene. The results are literally life-changing. When Logan breaks the established rules of objectivity, she questions standards of journalistic integrity and the responsibility of observers. Kidnapped is upsetting and angering, for sure, but also inspiring as it speaks to the power of filmmaking as activism. (Other favorites of the year were Only Lovers Left Alive, Under the Skin, I Am Divine and Advanced Style.)

Alright, enough facts! Let’s get to the fictional (to the point of fantastical) flicks we think are worth representing:

Into the Woods

Thomas Ross (Editorial Assistant): If you’d asked me in 2013 how Anna Kendrick would cement my fanboy crush on her in 2014, I’d have guessed it’d be her Twitter account, because it’s amazing. Who’d have thought the correct answer would be “Singing about moral relativity vis a vis giant slaying in Into the Woods. Now, I’ll readily admit that my mother raised me on Sondheim and Les Miz, and so I might be speaking with nostalgic hyperbole when I say this, but Stephen Sondheim is a national treasure. Even in this necessarily abridged (and slightly sanitized) version, Sondheim and James Lapine do an incredible job pulling all these typically black and white, heavy-handed morality tales together into a deep gray area. It’s like a fairy tale that actually applies to the real world, where there’s no good vs evil, just a lot of humans who need help overcoming their own weaknesses. But also fun songs and Chris Pine finally delivering the Shatner swagger he lacks in the Trek movies. The best thing is, it works. Here’s my little nephew’s review: “I loved it. It was different, though. It was really fun, but also sad.” Which is exactly right.


Colin Houghton (Editorial Intern): Birdman: This film was incredibly entertaining, but I would be lying to you if I didn’t tell you that it stressed me out. For starters, it asked big questions about art, and what it means to have an artistic legacy, and there’s a cool line from Macbeth, but it’s set against the backdrop of what I can only call, for lack of a better term, a ticking time bomb. This time bomb, which might as well be Michael Keaton’s life, feels like its pretty much ready to go off the entire film, and by the end I wasn’t quite sure if it did.

Under the Skin

Lance Cleland (Workshop Director): While being submerged in a sea of black liquid with Scarlett Johansson has its certain sex appeal, anyone who viewed Jonathan Glazer’s Under The Skin can attest to how unnerving that turned out to be. In this age where so many of our best visual storytelling experiences take place on the small screen (see below) it was such a pleasant jolt to encounter something that demanded to be projected. And how equally enthralling to be presented with ideas and brush strokes rather than plot twists and jump cuts. There are countless scenes from the film I wish I could frame and hang on my wall, with the last five minutes (the forest shots) being my favorite sequence of cinema in 2014. (If you would allow me to split my vote here, I would also add Steven Soderbergh’s The Knick, an equally hypnotic and horrifying visual wonder.)

We will not allow that, and thus Lance submits one full vote for Under the Skin. And now a little love for new media from our resident Youth Culture Expert, Tony Perez, who sticks to his guns:

sweet faced pot dealer

Tony Perez (Editor, Tin House Books): Back in the early summer, I shouted out High Maintenance­ as a favorite recent viewing experience. Nothing in blockbuster or oscar-bait season has since unseated it. The little internet show has since moved to a paid model, and damn if that sweet-faced pot dealer didn’t earn it.

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Each year, we force ask our staff to contribute a few favorites to a list of the “best” non fiction, music, poetry, film, television, and fiction of the year (with a few cheaters from years past).


Every year is a big year for poetry, because poetry never goes out of style. 2014, though, felt bigger than most. Every major issue of the year seemed to have a collection of poems attached to it, and it felt right. Maybe it was the way poetry seemed to bring vital subjects to the dinner table, or the way it devoured them once it got them there, or the way it shook them around and played with them before eating them. All we can say is poets were hungry this year, and they show no signs of satiation.


Matthew Dickman (Poetry Editor, Tin House Magazine): Dorothea Lasky’s newest book Rome is a remarkably honest and rich spin-out relationship book that makes the human inside me growl and the beast inside me wash his hands and brush his teeth. Lasky’s energy and wild images takes no prisoners. People will talk about Rankine, Gluck, and others this month but for my money Lasky is the voice we should be listening to.

sun bear

Thomas Ross (Editorial Assistant): There are certain truths that can only be reached alone, often late at night, on the third or fourth semiconscious mental leap. Reading Matthew Zapruder’s Sun Bear is like someone else doing that for you and recording it, with the added bonus of being beautiful. Traveling tangentially from one subtle epiphany to the next, the images and ideas in these poems feel genuinely unpremeditated. Zapruder’s power is in the way he strips everything away from his poems, eschewing even punctuation, until every poem is as immediate, intimate, and casual as the actual thought it describes. Like Basho or William Carlos Williams, Zapruder’s the kind of poet we’re always going to need, one of those quiet laureates of being alive.



Rob Spillman (Editor, Tin House Magazine): In this politically-charged year, the work that has hit home the hardest for me is Claudia Rankine‘s Citizen: An American Lyric, poetry/art/social commentary that examines micro- and macro-aggressions with cool clarity and precision.


Lance Cleland (Workshop Director): Of all the books I read this year, in any genre, no collection of words or images altered my physical state more than Saeed Jones’s urgent debut collection Prelude to Bruise. You taste every mouth on body, flinch every time the belt lash comes down, and hear the jagged cut of every “sissy” insult given as a raging father storms through your bedroom. But this isn’t just a recounting of violence inflicted by bigotry and homophobia, there is a sprouting of beauty here, a reconciliation with what was and what could be. To read it was to feel something alive in my hand.

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Each year, we force ask our staff to contribute a few favorites to a list of the “best” non fiction, music, poetry, film, television, and fiction of the year (with a few cheaters from years past).


Whether we’re pairing local bands with our authors for events, scrounging up vinyl for the office turntable, or practicing year-round to scream on the karaoke mic at our Summer Writer’s Workshop, the Tin House staff spends a lot of time crate-digging.  We’ll start out with Cheston, whose enigmatic answer is simple but subtly haunting, much like its subject:


Cheston Knapp (Managing Editor, Tin House Magazine): Randy Newman.

That’s all he said, despite the fact that Randy Newman hasn’t released an album in like six years. Moving on!

Black Messiah

Matthew Dickman (Poetry Editor, Tin House Magazine): D’Angelo’s Black Messiah. I couldn’t stop listening to this. I’m listening to it right now. One of the most beautiful R&B albums recorded in the last few years. It takes Beyonce and others to task. Pure and moving.


Sophia Archibald (Editorial Intern): I wasn’t too familiar with the the powerhouse that is Run the Jewels before their second self-titled album was released a couple of months ago, and it saddens me to think of all the eargasms I’ve been missing since 2013 when the hip-hop duo formed. A product of El-P and Killer Mike, Run the Jewels 2 is a highly unique, and at times abrasive, experience. Their lyrics range from silly to serious, on pop-culture to politics, but it’s the bass-heavy beats layered with experimental percussive sound that caught my attention for weeks before I finally found their free download for myself.

become ocean

Tony Perez (Editor, Tin House Books): Nothing in my itunes library got as much burn this year as Run The Jewels 2. And nothing else felt so urgent, so essential, so fun. But then, like most of the country (or at least most of the people on my twitter feed) I was raptured by D’Angelo’s Black Messiah and I’ve been worshipping at its alter ever since.  The jury’s split, I suppose, which makes room for a darkhorse (if a Pulitzer-winning recording can be called a darkhorse): John Luther Adams’s Become Ocean. I’m kicking myself that I missed the early performance here in Portland, and only discovered the orchestral piece later when Alex Ross raved about it on his (excellent) blog. His line that convinced me to track it down is also the line that stuck with me through my now many listenings: “It may be the loveliest apocalypse in musical history.”

nikki nack

Rob Spillman (Editor, Tin House Magazine): Perhaps because it is still fresh in my mind, the best musical experience of the year was seeing tUnE-yArDs at the Music Hall of Williamsburg the day after the Eric Garner non-indictment. On the emotionally raw day, Merrill Garbus laid down a fierce set. Somehow, during the middle of the show there was a spontaneous moment of silence, a space in which art and politics could co-exist. Like all my favorite works of the year, the show expanded what I think of as possible in art and engagement.

picture you staring

Esmé Hogeveen (Editorial Intern): With their most recent full-length release, Picture You Staring, TOPS, signed to Montreal’s Arbutus Records, hits one out of the indie ballpark. Replete with shimmery synths and eighties-inspired beats reminiscent of band members’ previous involvement with groups like The Silly Kissersand Makeout Videotape, Picture You Staring is the kind of album that you could play either at bumping house party or later, while recalling the dance floor dynamics on the bike ride home. Richly layered and impressively restrained, TOPS champion a counterpoint of cool sincerity that has fallen out of favour in recent pop. Singer Jane Penny’s perceptive lyrics and unshowy vocal confidence achieve an impressive balance of simple and sophisticated. In “Way to be Loved,” Penny describes the perspective of a lover questioning their affections over blithely grooving guitar hooks. “Change of Heart” might make you dance; “Outside” might make you cry. TOPS is playing a New Year’s show in L.A. with Devonté Hynes, so take note now, because it seems like it won’t be long ‘til everybody loves them.


Jakob Vala (Graphic Designer): Lucinda Williams released a new (double!) album this year. Enough said. But I’ll go on . . . The first song of Down Where the Spirit Meets the Bone, an adaptation of one of her father’s poems, acts as a sort of introduction. Tonally distinct from the rest of the album, it’s almost a warmup to the signature gritty swagger that we expect. Most of the album isn’t as narrative-driven as her past work, but Williams is still a master story-teller—a patron saint of the eternally sad—a late-night, bluesy badass—a growling sage at the end of the line. (Also, please listen to the soundtrack for Only Lovers Left Alive. It’s incredible.)

our love

Diane Chonette (Art Director): Our Love, the 2014 release by Caribou has been playing on our turntable for the past couple of weeks and I’m smitten. The album’s homage to love (and all its corresponding emotions) is perfectly suited for a houseful of people or a solo serenade.

juan wauters

Lance Cleland (Workshop Director, in-house DJ): In a musical year that found me dancing with Sinkane, swaying with Angel Olsen, trying to dunk to Run the Jewels 2, driving to the river with Mac DeMarco, and late night vibing with Madlib ,I still have to say my favorite album was Juan Wauters’s N.A.P. (North American Poetry). The former Beets frontman offers up twelve catchy, yet delicate spins around the turntable, each one a perfect postcard of early morning calls and late night responses. Simple in their construction, nervy and charming in their execution, Wauters’s songs blend cultures, genres, and languages to create a deeply personal and infectious celebration of being alive. I don’t think a week has gone by without my wife or me dancing to “Sanity or Not” in our living room.

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Each year, we force ask our staff to contribute a few favorites to a list of the “best” non fiction, music, poetry, film, television, and fiction of the year (with a few cheaters from years past). We’re kicking it off today with our non fiction picks. Check back in tomorrow for our picks for album of the year.


Last month at Electric Literature, Jason Diamond pronounced 2014 “The Year of the Essay.” Whether 2014 was a watershed, just a lucky year, or the beginning of a resurgence of the genre (fingers crossed), it was a pleasure to read the essay this year. For our staff, there was a certain book that came up in conversation after conversation:


Rob Spillman (Editor, Tin House Magazine): It was a great year for the essay, and Leslie Jamison’s The Empathy Exams stood out for me. Assured yet questioning, Jamison shows us what intellectual engagement can be. As Jamison writes: “I wanted the abyss, not the verdict.”  Bring on the abyss, please.

Sophia Archibald (Editorial Intern): I’m sure I’m not alone in thinking that The Empathy Exams was the most powerful collection of non-fiction to come out this year. Beautifully weaving personal anecdotes and raw confessions with academic research and fresh insights, her essays scratch the reader’s soul with passion and vigor.

While we’re on the subject, Tin House Books was honored to contribute to the essay groundswell with an expanded edition of a cult classic collection by hometown hero of the Pacific Northwest, Charles D’Ambrosio. Handily, our man Cheston Knapp knows when our own horn needs tooting:


Cheston Knapp (Managing Editor, Tin House Magazine): Is it too much like wearing a shirt of the band you’re going to see if I put Loitering down here? I mean, I, too, was excited by new voice essayists like Leslie Jamison and Michelle Orange, read both of their books with glee and respect, but Charlie, well, his work feels as rigorous and unapologetically smart and sensitive and warm and giving and plain edifying as anything out there. His sentences are real gems and as rare.

Of course, non fiction doesn’t end at the essay. Here are a couple picks from our Wisconsin contingent:

soldier girls

Michelle Wildgen (Executive Editor, Tin House Magazine): I was totally absorbed in Helen Thorpe’s Soldier Girls, which follows several women through their lives and careers in the military. I don’t know a great deal about military life, but the book does a stellar job of showing how these women chose it, the lives they would have had without it, the careers they had within it, and the lives they tried to build around it. In some ways it was heartbreaking: one woman is a single parent who could make a reasonable living as a soldier instead of sub-poverty level at home, but who then had to scramble to find care for her children every time she was deployed. At least one son seemed not to quite recover, either from those upheavals or from other factors, but the asides in which his story is glimpsed, from childhood to crimes and incarceration, stayed with me. If the purpose of nonfiction, or one of them, is to lay out the breadth and detail of a life, and to demystify it for the people outside the life in its pages, then this book succeeds.

rooms of heaven

Runner up is a memoir that is not new but was new to me in 2014, Mary Allen’s The Rooms of Heaven, which tells the story of a precipitous love affair and engagement, an addiction, a suicide, and a dive into grief and even madness. As I write this it sounds like a potboiler, but the book is compressed and faceted, artfully made and delivered, and deeply affecting. I read this on a plane on a cloudy gray winter day and emerged thinking, “Well, fuck it, all is grief.”  And yet I mean that as a compliment. (I later recovered.)

And then there are the wild cards. Like the graphic memoir:


Emma Komlos-Hrobsky (Assistant Editor, Tin House Magazine): At risk of diagnosing myself as prematurely neurotic, I have to confess that I’ve been a Roz Chast groupie since elementary school. I love her wit and self-deprecation and acuity; I love the antsy quality of her line, a kind of perfect visual translation of emotionally fraught handwringing; I love her fezzes and lumpy ponies and charts. All of this is to say that I was always going to be excited about a book-length Chast project, but I had no clue that Can’t We Talk about Something More Pleasant? was going to hit as hard as it did. Chast talks about taking care of dying parents with honesty even when that honesty flatters neither her nor them. Her humor never avoids or deflates but instead brought me back to the particular painful weirdness of having a parent lose their memory or sorting through their hoardings. Maybe most incredible of all the pages in the book are the ones Chast has made of her mother at the time of her death, where Chast’s illustrative style warps into something darker, more realistic but also not of this world. It’s hard to believe she could draw at all in such a moment, but the pictures are proof of what’s always been great about her work: the empathy and perceptivity beneath her antic-ness, a willingness to show us the dicey stuff, big and small.

. . . or the bilingual illustrated papercut proverb:

cat got your tongue

Heather Hartley (Paris Editor, Tin House Magazine): Although The Expressionist Bestiary by Benoît Jacques dates to 2012, this spirited, bilingual French and English tiny tome of proverbs is definitely worth the read this December (and well beyond). Illustrated with Jacques’s paper cutouts, his artwork has its own visual spin on some of the more common sayings, including the playful paper cutout of a lone wolf really grooving out on being dressed up in sheep’s clothing. Among other menageries, Jacques lets you know that if you’re eagle-eyed in English, you’ll be lynx-eyed in French. As François Jacqmin says in the forward, Jacques makes animals “leap over the language border . . . whether his translation looks like a paraphrase, a literal rendering or any linguistic whatnot.”


Of course, the best thing about a “best of” list is what’s not on it . . . yet. What great non fiction did we miss this year? Fill us in in the comments!

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Happy Holidays


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